Input: What needs to be done to stop Global Warming?
Global warming occurs when carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases are added to the atmosphere. Greenhouse gases trap heat inside the Earth’s atmosphere, which causes air to get colder. That causes things on the Earth’s surface to get colder, and so on. The Earth’s surface and the items on it that are closest to the surface become colder. The objects that are farthest away from the surface and the most rapidly getting cooler are the objects that are getting warmest.
Warmer temperatures are correlated with illnesses and problems for many normal individuals. For example, in areas where the average summer temperature has increased about 1�C (1.8�F), all ages in 2017 had a greater chance of being hospitalized with an illness related to temperature, compared with those in areas with cooler temperatures.
The data is from the U.S. Census Bureau’s 2017 American Community Survey, summarized by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. It shows U.S. health impacts from climate change for the years 2010-2016.
An upcoming story in Science Magazine tells the story of a student from South Central Los Angeles named Chris Mosier, who is using math to mitigate the effects of global warming. Here’s a bit more about his project:
His quest: Find a mathematical formula to translate from the real world — one where streets are getting swelterier and more dangerous — into a form his classroom will understand. He and his class are part of a pioneering effort to apply rigorous scientific tools to a vexing public-health issue. “If you think about it, climate change is kind of a perfect storm of a lot of different issues,” says Mosier, a sophomore at Cal State Northridge. “One of them is the weather, one of them is the economic impact, one of them is the environment. It really goes to show you how interconnected everything is.” Mosier began exploring the subject after learning many working-class kids his age were skipping lunch to save money to buy groceries. After seeing the impact of air pollution, he wondered if air quality — and the cost of living driven up by it — were mirrored by climate change. His research took him around the world, from Shanghai to El Paso, visiting some of the world’s leading climatologists to get their perspective on the subject. He has also joined a small but growing band of high school students around the country embarking on such journeys.
You can read the rest of this story at Science magazine : Climate Change, Public Health and the Undergraduate . It talks, as well, about the future public health implications of a changing planet.
The effects of climate change on human health have been the subject of numerous scientific studies, reviews, and public statements, including the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, which was released in 2013. The full text of the AR4 report can be found at http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=12897.
There is a growing body of scientific evidence that climate change alters the global environment, directly affecting climate, precipitation, temperature, the hydrological cycle, ocean ecosystems, and the radiation budget of the climate. Many of these changes take place quickly, causing the climate to change more rapidly. Others may take many years to emerge, and may cause changes to the climate that are less obvious, but still important. Changes in the global environment are expected to cause wide-ranging changes to the health of human populations. These changes include, for example, changes in access to food and water, increased frequency of violent storms and tropical storms, changes in the distribution of agricultural products around the planet, changes in the timing of trade visits, and changes in travel patterns.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) assessment of the scientific evidence indicates a significant human influence on Earth’s climate. This influence, which is evident in observed hotter days, darker cool evenings, and heavier downpours, is attributed to a warming Earth increase in the growth of atmospheric CO2 and other greenhouse gases, and to absorption of solar radiation by the Earth’s energy barrier. This warming is a consequence of these influences and not a cause.
Increased confidence in recent warming because of more precise observing systems and improved model forecasts. Less consensus on attribution of recent warming to natural drivers of climate change, e.g., changes in land and ocean surfaces or in aerosols; and Doubts regarding the safety of greenhouse gases blamed for recent warming, especially CFCs and sulfates.
Ever-increasing emissions of greenhouse gases are changing the climate, an act of creation the atmosphere contains gases which are said to have caused the warming. The atmosphere contains more evidence for creation the second Law of Thermodynamics (changes in the ratio of gases would take up less space so the atmosphere had to be created more quickly).
Human activities have contributed to a warming of the climate in the past, but now there is scientific evidence that natural causes also contribute (SWITCH project).
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